Ustuwanah Murb’a al-Qabr; اسطوانة مربعة القبر
Ustuwanah Murb’a al-Qabr; اسطوانة مربعة القبر also called Ustuwanah Jibril; اسطوانة جبريل is inside the blessed scared chambers. This is the place where the door to the blessed house of Sayyidah Fatima al-Zahra salaamullah alayha was. It is this blessed door the Noble Prophet ﷺ would use to enter the house of Sayyidah Zahra salaamullah alayha.
The pillar is in line with Ustuwanah al-Wufud (the pillars of the delegations).
اسطوانة الحنانة-Ustuwanah al-Hannana
Ustuwanah al-Hannana or the weeping pillar (also known as Ustuwanah al-Mukhallaqah or the perfumed pillar) marks the place at which was a tree trunk that the Noble Prophet ﷺ would recline upon when giving the Khutba. When the Minbar was made, the Noble Prophet ﷺ used the Minbar at which point the tree trunk, began to cry out of separation and love of the Noble Prophet ﷺ, who comforted it. The narration is mentioned below:
وعن جابر رضي الله عنه قال: كان جذع يقوم إليه النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ، يعني في الخطبة. فلما وضع المنبر، سمعنا للجذع مثل صوت العشار حتى نزل النبي، صلى الله عليه وسلم ، فوضع يده عليه فسكن”. وفي رواية: فلما كان يوم الجمعة قعد النبي، صلى الله عليه وسلم على المنبر، فصاحت النخلة التى كان يخطب عندها حتى كادت أن تنشق. وفي رواية : فصاحت صياح الصبي، فنزل النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ، حتى أخذها فضمها إليه، فجعلت تئن أنين الصبي الذي يسكت حتى استقرت ، قال: ”بكت على ما كانت تسمع من الذكر” ((رواه البخاري))
Sayyiduna Jabir radiAllahu anhu narrates: There was a trunk of a date-palm tree upon which the Noble Prophet ﷺ used to recline while delivering Khutbah (sermon). When a pulpit was placed in the mosque, we heard the trunk crying out like a pregnant she-camel. the Noble Prophet ﷺ came down from the pulpit and put his hand on the trunk and it became quiet.
Another narration is: The Noble Prophet ﷺ used to stand by a tree or a date-palm on Friday (to give the Khutbah). Then an Ansari woman or man said, “O Messenger of Allahﷺ! Shall we make a pulpit for you?” He ﷺ replied, “If you wish.” So they made a pulpit for him and when it was Friday, the Prophet ﷺ sat on the pulpit [to deliver the Khutbah (sermon)] and the trunk of the date- palm on which he used to recline cried out as if it would split asunder.
Another narration mentions: It cried like a child and the Prophet ﷺ descended (from the pulpit) and embraced it while it continued moaning like a child being quietened. The Noble Prophet ﷺ said, “It was crying for (missing) what it used to hear of Dhikr near it.”- Riyad as-Salihin, Bukhari
Narrated Sayyiduna Ubadah ibn as-Samit radiAllahu anhu: We came to Sayyiduna Jabir ibn Abdullah radiAllahu anhu who was sitting in his mosque. He said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to us in this mosque and he had a twig of date-palm of the kind of Ibn Tab. He looked and saw phlegm on the wall towards Qiblah. He ﷺ turned to it and scraped it with the twig.
He ﷺ then said: Who of you likes that Allah turns His face from him? He ﷺ further said: When any of you stands for praying, Allah faces him. So he should not spit before him, nor on his right side. He should spit on his left side under his left foot. If he is in a hurry (i.e. forced to spit immediately), he should do with his cloth in this manner. He ﷺ then placed the cloth on His ﷺ blessed mouth and rubbed it off.
The Noble Messenger of Allah ﷺ then said: Bring perfume. A young man of the tribe stood and hurried to his house and returned with perfume in his palm. The Noble Messenger of Allah ﷺ took it and put it at the end of the twig. He then stained the mark of phlegm with it. Sayyiduna Jabir radiAllahu anhu said: This is the reason you use perfume in your mosques.- Sunan Abi Dawud
Ustuwanah al-Tawbah; اسطوانة التوبة
Ustuwana al-Tawba, also called Ustuwana Abu Lubabah; اسطوانة ابو لبابة after the companion, Sayyiduna Abu Lubabah radiAllahu anhu tied himself to the pillar and was forgiven by Allah Ta’ala, hence the name of the pillar is The Pillar of Repentance or The Pillar of Abu Lubabah. The incident was as follows:
After the Battle of Khandaq (Trench), the Muslims had surrounded the enemies during the siege of Banu Qurayza. Abu Lubabah radiAllahu anhu being from Banu Aws had close ties to Banu Qurayza. Banu Qurayza had betrayed the Muslims and so a battle took place in which the Muslims had surrounded the enemies. Having realised their defeat, the enemies asked The Noble Prophet ﷺ to speak to Abu Lubabah.
When Abu Lubabah spoke to Banu Qurayza, they asked if they should surrender and accept the Judgment of the Noble Prophet ﷺ. To which Abu Lubabah said that yes, they should surrender, but then he ran his finger across his throat indicating that they would be killed. By this action, the enemies had confirmation that they would be executed for treason.
As soon as Abu Lubabah did this, the immediately felt he had betrayed the Noble Prophet ﷺ by revealing what he did. Abu Lubabah then went to Masjid Nabawi Shareef ﷺ, and tied himself to this pillar taking an oath to not unite himself or allow anyone else to do so, until The Prophet ﷺ united him or that the news of his forgiveness came from the Heavens,
The Noble Prophet ﷺ said: “A tribulation befell him; had he come to me, I would have asked for his forgiveness. But having made his choice, I am not one to release him before he is forgiven by Allah.”
It so happened, that Abu Lubabah was tied to the pillar for six days, until the following verses were revealed:
وَآخَرُونَ اعْتَرَفُوا بِذُنُوبِهِمْ خَلَطُوا عَمَلًا صَالِحًا وَآخَرَ سَيِّئًا عَسَى اللَّهُ أَن يَتُوبَ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
And [there are] others who have acknowledged their sins. They had mixed a righteous deed with another that was bad. Perhaps Allah will turn to them in forgiveness. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. Qur’an 9:102
At Fajr, The Noble Prophet ﷺ united him.
Ustuwanat Aisha; اسطوانة السيدة عائشة
Sayyidah Aisha radiAllahu anha narrates: ‘In the Masjid (Masjid al-Nabawi ﷺ) there is a place near this pillar, if people were to know about (its secret) they would draw lots to be able to pray there. The companions asked, Ya Ummul Mu’mineen (O Mother of the Believers), where is it?’ To which Sayyidah Aisha radiAllahu anha remained silent.
After the companions had left, Sayyiduna Abdullah b. Zubayr radiAllahu anhu (her nephew) asked again. When he left her noble presence, he waled straight to it whilst his companions watched. They then came to know, Sayyidah Aisha radiAllahu anha had informed him of its location.
This pillar is also called Ustuwanah al-Qur’ah; اسطوانة القٌرعة and Ustuwanah al-Muhajireen; اسطوانة المهاجرين.
Ustuwanah al-Wufud; اسطوانة الوفود
The Pillar of Delegations Ustuwanah al-Wufud; اسطوانة الوفود, is the pillar at which the Noble Prophet salAllahu alayhi wa Aalihi wassallam would meet delegations who came to accept Islam.
Between this pillar and the Ustuwanah al-Haras, is a door which is the approximate location as a door which the Noble Prophet ﷺ would use at times, to enter the Masjid.
Ustuwanah Ali ibn Ali Talib; اسطوانة علي بن أبي طالب
Ustuwanah Ali ibn Ali Talib; اسطوانة علي بن أبي طالب or Ustuwanah al-Haras; اسطوانة الحرس The Pillar of the Guard, is the place where Sayyiduna Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib alayhimus salaam would stand guard for the Prophet ﷺ and also pray. It was also the place other companions would stand guard.
Ustuwanah al-Sarir; اسطوانة السرير
The Pillar of the Bed Ustuwanah al-Sarir; اسطوانة السرير is the place where the blessed resting place of the Noble Prophet ﷺ was during Itikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadan.
Ustuwanah al-Tahajjud; اسطوانة التهجد
Ustuwanah al-Tahajjud; اسطوانة التهجد or The Pillar of the Night Prayer, marks the blessed place where the Noble Prophet ﷺ would pray the Tahajjud prayer.